Different Types of Text Formatting Tags in HTML

There are many Text formatting tags available in HTML. You can format your text as:
  • Bold Text
  • Italic Text
  • Underline Text
  • Superscript Text
  • Subscript Text

    Let us discuss these formatting tags one by one with example html source code and the output in web browser.

    1. Bold Text

    <b> tag is used for formatting the text as bold text. You place the text within <b> and </b> tags to make it bold.

    2. Italic Text

    <i> tag is used for formatting the text as italic text. You place the text within <i> and </i> tags to make it italic.

    3. Underline Text

    <u> tag is used for formatting the text as underline text. You place the text within <u> and </u> tags to make it underline.

    4. Superscript Text

    <sup> tag is used for formatting the text as superscript text. You place the text within <sup> and </sup> tags to make it superscript.

    5. Subscript Text

    <sub> tag is used for formatting the text as bold text. You place the text within <sub> and </sub> tags to make it subscript.

    HTML Formatting Tags Source Code Examples

    HTML Formatting Tags Output in web browser
    <b>Bold Text</b>
    <i>Italic Text</i>
    <u>Underline Text</u>
    Superscript Example X Squared= X<sup>2</sup>
    Subscript Example X base 2= X<sub>2</sub>

    Bold Text
    Italic Text
    Underline Text
    Superscript Example X Squared= X2
    Superscript Example X base 2= X2

    Educational Toys For Kids

    A parent's greatest contribution to a child's educational growth should come before the child ever begins his formal education. Parents can leave it to the schools to teach their child to read or count or write his name. But a child's best educational opportunities and future growth depend on the combined effort of parent, teacher, and student.

    There is a world of difference in the child whose parents are actively involved in his learning, and the child who is totally left on his own. It's a difference not only in ability, in quality of work, but also in attitude and self-image. A child's first school is the home, so the toys that his parents select for him should not only keep him amused and occupied, but also develop his physical, mental and emotional well-being. The market for educational toys has thus been opened.

    Educational Games For Toddlers

    Mainly addressing the clamor for toys accepted by child psychologists, toy manufacturers have come up with a wide array of toys that promise hours of fun and excitement to the child, and at the same time, meet the requirements set by these experts.

    Educational Toys For Kids

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    Think Fun Math Dice

    Think Fun Math Dice Overviews

    Introducing the most flexible, competitive math game ever invented! Players use combinations of operations including: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, or even powers, to generate equations whose result is closet, or equal to, the Target Number. Features: Three 6-sided dice and two 12-sided dice; cotton drawstring bag and instruction booklet with lessons and examples; web activities for kids, adults and teachers, improves and builds fundamental math skills.

    Think Fun Math Dice Features

    Game-go storage bag
  • Teaches mental math skills
  • For ages 8 years and above
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    • Two target dice and three scoring dice
    • Lesson booklet
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    • Teaches mental math skills
    • For ages 8 years and above

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    Think Fun Math Dice

    If it is true that no one ever steps into the same river twice, it is also true that no child ever plays with the same toy twice. As the child enters each stage of growth, his play changes; and as his play changes, the toy is also transformed. Psychologists have studied the evolution and development of a child's intellect, as pioneered by Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget, by closely observing children. They have come out with a trove of realities on how toys, educational or otherwise, affect the child's multiple intelligences.

    An interesting sidebar to these findings is the fact that toys and toy advertising have powerful effects on the ways children construct their gender identities. Girls between the ages of five to eight who are exposed to Barbie dolls feel worse about their bodies than girls exposed to dolls with more realistic physiques. Female-stereotyped toys tend to promote the most complex play in 18 to 47 month-olds. But as children grow older, their gendered stereotypes about toys grow stronger. Boys, especially, become increasingly likely to avoid playing with "girl toys," possibly for fear of social repercussions from their peers. Thus, those fashion dolls that were created towards the teens and pre-teens segment to supposedly stimulate creativity and encourage imagination, may not really be the best educational toys because they encourage gender marginalization and desensitization. Both strongly feminine and strongly masculine toys seem to be associated with the worst aspects of gender roles: i.e., a focus on appearance in girls and violence in boys.

    Toy companies, like all other businesses, aim towards making money. But unlike many other businesses, the target market of the toy industry is children who are not amply fortified with the capacity to dispute these companies' claims or question the significance of their offers. The fact that the toy manufacturers sell directly to a key market that depends on middlemen - their parents - to purchase the products, is in itself a remarkable curiosity.

    The result is an abstruse circumstance wherein toy companies contend that they are protecting the children's purchasing rights through straightforward advertising, whereas critics argue that these companies are exploiting a defenseless population.

    Educational Toys For Kids

    Free Toddler Activities You Can Do at Home

    Toddlers love to try new things, but it is often difficult for parents to come up with ideas for activities to entertain them at home and they end up getting stuck in a rut, doing the same old activities with their children on a regular basis. Below are a few ideas to spark your imagination.

    Make a rain stick

    Educational Games For Toddlers

    Most people will have wrapping paper in their house at some point and there is an easy and fun craft activity you can do with the empty tube, baking paper, rice and a couple of elastic bands - making a rain stick! An empty kitchen roll can be used to make a mini version.

    Free Toddler Activities You Can Do at Home

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    POP for Sight Words Game

    POP for Sight Words Game Overviews

    Grades 1 & up. Students will gobble up handfuls of fun as they recognize and read aloud sight words. Fast-paced game play is great for improving fluency. Includes 100 die-cut popcorn cards (92 sight words and 8 POP cards) in box with engaging graphics. Measures 3"L x 3"W x 6 1/4"H. For 2-4 players.

    POP for Sight Words Game Features

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    • Pop for Sight Words Game
    • Recognizes and reads aloud sight words
    • Great for improving fluency
    • Includes 100 die cut popcorn cards
    • Measures 3" x 3" x 6 1/4"

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    POP for Sight Words Game

    First of all, let your toddler decorate the tube. This can be done by painting it, sticking things on it or even covering it in old wrapping paper. Next you will need to cut out two circles from the baking paper which are slightly wider than the end of the tube. Fix one of these circles to the end of the tube by securing it with an elastic band.

    The next step is to add the 'rain'. You can use rice, small pasta shapes, little shells or any other objects which could be used to make a satisfying rain sound. Once you have poured a handful of rice (or alternative) into the tube you need to seal the other end with the second baking paper circle and elastic band. The rain stick is finished - to work it tip it slowly backwards and forwards.

    Pebble pets

    For this activity you will need some paint, PVA glue and a pebble - technically this activity is not free as you will need to buy the paint, but I have included this activity in the article as most homes with young children already have poster paint and it is cheap.

    The pebble needs to be fairly large and round. The simplest design is a ladybird, but your toddler can paint whatever takes their imagination. Mix a little PVA glue with red poster paint and completely cover the pebble. This will then need to be left for a couple of hours. Once it is completely dry your child can use black poster paint to add spots and a face. If your toddler is young or impatient you may wish to paint the initial layer without them and then give them it to decorate, so they are not frustrated while waiting for it to dry.

    Instead of black poster paint you could instead use a black marker pen, if you have one, and googly eyes can add a fun touch.

    Play dough

    This can be made for free using ingredients found in most homes. Combine 1 cup of plain flour with half a cup of salt and 1 teaspoon of cream of tartar in a saucepan. Mix it together over a low heat while gradually adding 1 cup of water. Remove from the heat once it has combined into a sticky ball. Leave it to dry for a couple of hours before allowing your toddler to play with it.

    Blowing bubbles

    Toddlers love bubbles and this activity is good for them too. In learning to hold the bubble wand correctly and blow bubbles they are learning about coordination and following simple instructions. It can also be a good physical activity if you blow the bubbles while your child jumps around trying to pop them.

    You don't need to go out and purchase bubble solution and a wand as they are very easy to make using items found around the home. Bubble solution can be made by mixing one cup of water with 4 tablespoons of washing up liquid (liquid detergent). Glycerine (2 tablespoons) can be added to make longer lasting bubbles but it is not a necessity. A simple bubble wand can be constructed by cutting the centre out of a plastic pot lid and attaching it to a straw with tape.

    Treasure box

    Putting together a treasure box doesn't take long and need not cost you a penny. It is great for imaginative play, as I'm sure many parents have noticed that their child is often more interested in playing with every day household objects than their toys.

    You will need a box or bag to store the objects in, for example a shoe box or empty and washed ice cream tub. Look for objects around the home which are child safe and which you do not mind your toddler playing with. Ideas include an unused make-up brush, a whisk, a wooden spoon, an empty toilet roll, unwanted jewellery and old mobile phone (battery taken out).You can also look outside for inspiration such as pine cones and feathers. Simple objects can keep a toddler entertained for many happy hours!

    There are many sites devoted to toddler activities and these can be used to inspire you. Once you start trying new things with your toddler you will find that ideas for further activities start flowing much more easily.

    Free Toddler Activities You Can Do at Home